The approach consisted of performing a surgical resection of the casque and replacing it with a 3D prosthetic. It took almost two months of designing and discussion before a model was deemed a perfect fit for the hornbill.
To do so, the veterinary team engaged the help of Keio-NUS CUTE (Connective Ubiquitous Technology for Embodiments) Centre, NUS Smart Systems Institute, and NUS Centre for Additive Manufacturing to produce the prosthesis with 3D-printing.
The 3D models were then assessed by honorary consultant Dr Hsu Li Chieh from The Animal Clinic.
Part of the casque was removed with an oscillating saw and the affected tissue was cleared too.